Chronic low-grade inflammation plays a central role in the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). To investigate the ability of different inflammatory blood cell parameters in predicting the development of GDM and pregnancy outcomes, 258 women with GDM and 1,154 women without were included in this retrospective study. First-trimester neutrophil count outperformed white blood cell count and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in the predictability for GDM. Subjects were grouped based on tertiles of neutrophil count during their first-trimester pregnancy. The results showed that as the neutrophil count increased, there was a stepwise increase in GDM incidence as well as in glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels, HOMA for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), macrosomia incidence, and newborn weight. Neutrophil count was positively associated with prepregnancy BMI, HOMA-IR, and newborn weight. Additionally, neutrophil count was an independent risk factor for the development of GDM, regardless of the history of GDM. Spline regression showed that there was a significant linear association between GDM incidence and the continuous neutrophil count when it was >5.0 × 109/L. This work suggested that the first-trimester neutrophil count is closely associated with the development of GDM and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
- Received September 30, 2019.
- Accepted April 16, 2020.
- © 2020 by the American Diabetes Association