Localized Immunosuppression With Tannic Acid Encapsulation Delays Islet Allograft and Autoimmune-Mediated Rejection

Pancreatic Islets and Gestalt Principles


The human brain has inherent methodology to efficiently interpret complex environmental stimuli into understanding. This visual perception is governed by the law of simplicity, which is fundamental to Gestalt theory. First introduced in a seminal article by Wertheimer in 1923, the theory explains how the mind groups similar images and fills in gaps in order to perceive an amenable version of reality. The world we see consists of complex visual scenes, but rarely is the entire picture visible to us. Since it is inefficient for all visual data to be analyzed at once, certain patterns are given higher importance and made to stand out from the rest of the field in our brain. Here we propose that Gestalt theory may explain why rodent islet architecture has historically been seen as having a core-mantle arrangement. By filling in apparent gaps in the non–β-cell lining, the mind interprets it as a “whole” mantle, which may have further led to widely accepted notions regarding islet microcirculation, intra-islet signaling, and islet development. They are largely based on the prevailing stereotypic islet architecture in which an enclosed structure is presumed. Three-dimensional analysis provides more integrated views of islet and pancreatic microcirculation.

  • Received March 26, 2020.
  • Accepted June 11, 2020.

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