RILP Restricts Insulin Secretion Through Mediating Lysosomal Degradation of Proinsulin

RILP Restricts Insulin Secretion Through Mediating Lysosomal Degradation of Proinsulin


Abstract

Insulin secretion is tightly regulated by membrane trafficking. RILP (Rab7 interacting lysosomal protein) regulates the endocytic trafficking, but its role in insulin secretion has not been investigated. In this study, we found that overexpression of RILP inhibited insulin secretion in both the β-cell lines and freshly isolated islets. Consequently, the expression of RILP in islets suppressed the ability to recover the glucose homeostasis in type 1 diabetes mice upon transplantation. Of physiological relevance is that RILP expression was upregulated in the diabetic mouse islets. Mechanistically, overexpression of RILP induced insulin granule clustering, decreased the number of proinsulin-containing granules in β-cells, and significantly promoted proinsulin degradation. Conversely, RILP depletion sustained proinsulin and increased insulin secretion. The proinsulin degradation induced by RILP expression was inhibited by lysosomal inhibitors and was Rab7-dependent. Finally, we showed that RILP interacts with insulin granule–associated Rab26 to restrict insulin secretion. This study presents a new pathway regulating insulin secretion and mechanically demonstrates a novel function of RILP in modulating insulin secretion through mediating the lysosomal degradation of proinsulin.

  • Received January 24, 2019.
  • Accepted October 6, 2019.



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